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Turabian Structure Fast Guide. Test Paper in notes-bibliography for several pupils

Turabian Structure Fast Guide. Test Paper in notes-bibliography for several pupils

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Effective during the summer, all programs of research (including both Divinity and non-Divinity studies) will now make use of one collection of formatting resources. Split templates are given for projects that don’t require subheadings (more often than not, documents with not as much as ten pages into the human body), in addition to the ones that do require subheadings (recommended for many papers with over ten pages in the human body, and needed in papers with additional than twenty pages in the human body). Pupils will make use of and stick to the respective template according to their certain assignment’s demands.

Turabian Template for assignments without any headings

Turabian Template for assignments WITH headings

Go to the Chicago Manual of Style database in Liberty University’s Jerry Falwell Library by logging in and selecting that database (seek out database by title, then “C,” and “Chicago handbook of Style).

Helpful Resources

Turabian Chart of Citations

Turabian Bibliography of Reference Examples

Turabian Annotated Bibliography Test

Sacred Book Guide List

Capitalization Glossary

Movie Tutorial links (these should be updated but they are supplied right right here since some pupils nevertheless see them of good use; follow unified pagination guidelines)

Notes-Bibliography Citation Style

  • Found in all programs of research making use of Turabian structure (except book reviews, designed to use Author-Date structure).
  • Footnotes would be the favored solution to suggest in-text citations throughout this structure. Liberty University will not allow endnotes.
  • A bibliography can be used how to mail order a bride to compile sources in a single list during the final end regarding the paper.

Author-Date citation style

  • Only permitted for book review projects at Liberty University.
  • Sample paper in Author-Date format for guide review projects just.
  • Chart of Citations in Author-Date format for book reviews just.
  • Observe that the directory of compiled resources cited in author-date structure is en titled sources (as opposed to Bibliography).


  • Utilize one-inch margins on all edges.
  • The favored font/size is instances brand brand brand New Roman, 12 pt.
  • Indent all paragraphs when you look at the human anatomy of this paper ½”.
  • Double-space the paper that is entire except block quotes, footnotes, bibliography entries, guide listings, dining dining dining table titles, and figure captions. Those elements should really be single-spaced, with one additional line that is blank to split up them off their elements.


  • The paper must certanly be printed in the third individual (he, she, it) with an energetic sound, in place of passive vocals.
  • Unless a professor particularly requests a paper in first individual (we, me personally, we, us, our) or 2nd person (you, your) language, avoid these in a paper.
  • Be particular and succinct.
  • In historic writing, use simple past tense verbs. Whenever talking about an author’s written work, utilize the current tense.
  • We now have a split web page with visuals aimed at understanding and formatting headings. Remember that Turabian requires extra spacing before each going degree, which will be already programmed in to the templates.
  • Headline instance = all significant words, often individuals with 4+ letters, must certanly be capitalized. Utilize headline instance for games of works; names of journals; and first-, second-, and headings that are third-level.
  • Sentence instance = just the very very first page for the word that is first appropriate nouns, as well as the term after a colon, if any, must start with money letters. Utilize phrase instance for 4th- and fifth-level headings.
  • Include quotation markings across the games of shorter works (in other words., articles or poems); use italics for the true names of bigger works (in other terms., publications or performs).

Title Web Page

  • Liberty University now utilizes one title that is universal structure for several programs and quantities of research
  • Test name page (see additionally templates)


  • The name page is theoretically web web web page one, nonetheless it never ever has a typical page quantity
  • Pagination for the fore matter, if any (like the dining dining table of articles), uses lowercase Roman numerals (i, ii), within the center base for the web page. Start out with ii, to account fully for the name web web web page position.
  • Your body associated with paper for several Liberty University classes utilizes Arabic numbers (1, 2, 3) into the top-right part. It starts with web page 1.
  • Begin to see the pagination movie guide.

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